Disaster Planning

Fire | Hurricaine | Tornado

FEMA Recovering from Disaster Planning

According to the Institute for Business and Home Safety, an estimated 25 percent of businesses do not reopen following a major disaster. You can protect your business by disaster planning - identifying the risks associated with natural and man-made disasters, and by creating a plan for action should a disaster strike. By keeping those plans updated, you can help ensure the survival of your business.

Benefits of Disaster Planning | Disaster Recovery Plan

Disaster planning includes having a plan to backup data off-site or in the cloud. It also entails a recovery plan.

  • Determines the enterprise critical data to be backed up
  • Establishes the back up process
  • Establishes schedules for backup cycles: daily, weekly, monthly and annually
  • Establishes Tape Rotation Scheme: First IN – First Out (FIFO), Grandfather – Father – Son, Tower of Hanoi
  • Determines which data to be stored on-site and off-site
  • Establishes regular testing of recovery processes

Small Business Administration

FEMA Business Emergency Plan Template

Emergency Preparedness Resources for Businesses

Prepare in advance

  • Designate and stock an Emergency Command Center with emergency supplies (first aid supplies, battery powered radios, nonperishable food, water, etc.)
  • Establish emergency communications systems and plans
  • Develop relationships with community organizations needed during an emergency such as fire, police and hospitals.

Establish mutual aid agreements with other facilities or businesses similar to yours

  • Create evacuation plans and routes include planning for individuals with disabilities.
  • Protect physical assets and vital records
  • Ensure continuity of computer operations by taking steps in advance to protect both hardware and software
  • Establish a media relations plan to help disseminate information to your customers, partners and the public
  • Gather information and identify resources for crisis preparedness

Create an action plan for the emergency

  • Establish policies and procedures to activate the emergency command center, alert and warn personnel, receive and process emergency calls
  • Implement the emergency preparedness plan activate alarms and notify officials; alert, evacuate, shelter and account for personnel; activate emergency communications; close the office and shut down operations.
  • Document the emergency and all actions taken

Develop a recovery plan

  • Conduct pre-emergency recovery analysis and planning prioritize actions to recover from an emergency
  • Establish policies and procedures to conduct damage assessment, salvage operations, activate recovery communications and provide employee support

Test your plan and train your employees

  • Conduct pre-training for the BCM team and employees
  • Create policies and procedures for training, tests and drills of your plans
  • • Testing your plan should start small such as tabletop exercises and culminate into a full exercise of all your plans
  • • Document test activities and result.

Keep your plan current

  • Audit your plan at least once a year. Review and identify areas to update, assess the chain of command, and evaluate resources, employee knowledge and awareness.
  • Update your plan whenever there are new operations, processes equipment or materials; you change or add new sites or building layouts; you change or add new vendors; or there are major business deals such as mergers or acquisitions.


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